- (ft. 2nd cent BCE)High priest and ethnarch (135-104 BCE), son of Simon the Hasmonean. After the murder of his father and his two brothers by Ptolemy, he escaped to Jerusalem. In 135-134 BCE Antiochus Sidetes captured Jerusalem, and John Hyrcanus was confirmed as high priest. Later he threw off Syrian domination, attacked the Samaritans, destroying their temple on Mount Gerizim, and forced the Idumeans to convert to Judaism. Although initially allied with the Pharisees, he subsequently drew closer to the Sadducees.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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John Hyrcanus — ( Yohanan Girhan ) (reigned 134 BCE 104 BCE, died 104 BCE) was a Hasmonean (Maccabeean) leader of the 2nd century BC. Apparently the name Hyrcanus was taken by him as a regnal name upon his accession to power. Life and workHe was the son of Simon … Wikipedia
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Hyrcanus I, John — (d. 104 BC) Hasmonean high priest and ethnarch 135– 104 BC. Hyrcanus I was the son and successor of Simon, the high priest of Judea and the last of the brothers of Judas Maccabeus. The death of Antiochus VII in 129 BC marked the end of… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament