John Hyrcanus

(ft. 2nd cent BCE)
   High priest and ethnarch (135-104 BCE), son of Simon the Hasmonean. After the murder of his father and his two brothers by Ptolemy, he escaped to Jerusalem. In 135-134 BCE Antiochus Sidetes captured Jerusalem, and John Hyrcanus was confirmed as high priest. Later he threw off Syrian domination, attacked the Samaritans, destroying their temple on Mount Gerizim, and forced the Idumeans to convert to Judaism. Although initially allied with the Pharisees, he subsequently drew closer to the Sadducees.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • John Hyrcanus — ( Yohanan Girhan ) (reigned 134 BCE 104 BCE, died 104 BCE) was a Hasmonean (Maccabeean) leader of the 2nd century BC. Apparently the name Hyrcanus was taken by him as a regnal name upon his accession to power. Life and workHe was the son of Simon …   Wikipedia

  • John Hyrcanus II — ▪ king of Judaea died 30 BC, Jerusalem       high priest of Judaea from 76 to 40 BC, and, with his brother Aristobulus II, last of the Maccabean (Hasmonean) dynastic rulers. Under Hyrcanus vacillating leadership, Judaea (southern of the three… …   Universalium

  • John Hyrcanus I — ▪ king of Judaea born c. 175 BC died 104 BC       high priest and ruler of the Jewish nation from 135/134 to 104 BC. Under his reign the Hasmonean kingdom of Judaea in ancient Palestine attained power and great prosperity, and the Pharisees… …   Universalium

  • HYRCANUS II — (c. 103–30 B.C.E.), elder son of alexander yannai and salome alexandra . Since John Hyrcanus II was born soon after his father s accession to the throne (103 B.C.E.), he was 72 years old at the time of his death and not, unless the traditional… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • John of Gamala — was, according to Luigi Cascioli, an Italian ex seminarist and now an atheist, a person whom the Catholic Church deliberately conflated with Jesus to build up their religion. Cascioli claims that his book The Fable of Christ is a decisive… …   Wikipedia

  • John (given name) — John is a masculine given name in the English language. The name is derived from the Latin Ioannes, Iohannes, which is in turn a form of the Greek Ἰωάννης, Iōánnēs. This Greek name is a form of the Hebrew name יוֹחָנָן, Yôḥanan, which means God… …   Wikipedia

  • John — Contents 1 Religious figures 1.1 Papacy 2 Rulers and other political figures …   Wikipedia

  • HYRCANUS, JOHN — (Johanan), ethnarch of Judea and high priest (135–104 B.C.E.), son of simeon the Hasmonean, and the most successful and energetic of rulers of the Hasmonean dynasty from the point of view of the consolidation and territorial expansion of Judea.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hyrcanus II, John — (c. 103 BC–30 BC)    Hasmonean high priest of Judea 63– 43 BC. Hyrcanus II was the weak but ambitious eldest son of the Hasmonean ruler Alexander JANNAI and SALOMEALEXANDRA. On the death of his father, his mother became ruler. She made Hyrcanus… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Hyrcanus I, John — (d. 104 BC)    Hasmonean high priest and ethnarch 135– 104 BC. Hyrcanus I was the son and successor of Simon, the high priest of Judea and the last of the brothers of Judas Maccabeus. The death of Antiochus VII in 129 BC marked the end of… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

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